What type of will can an Idaho attorney draft? First, a will can be drafted to meet many situations, but most wills can be categorized four ways; the simple will, the complex will, the pour-over will, and the living will.
The simple will is most basic estate planning tool, and because of that, it is the most widely heard of. It takes effect after the creator passes away, as long as the creator strictly adheres to Idaho’s technical requirements of a will. The main purpose of the simple will is to name an executor. The executor will carry out the terms of the will. The terms of the will generally cover who will inherit a person’s property, where and how a person desires to be laid to rest, and if that person has minor children, who will act as Guardian of the child and Conservator of that child’s estate. It does not include trust provisions.
The complex will is a more advanced estate planning tool than the simple will. These wills include testamentary trust provisions, but are similar to simple wills in that they are not controlling until the creator passes away and that they carry out similar purposes as the simple will. Commonly, trust provisions in a complex will deal with inheritance distribution provisions for minor children. It names a trustee to hold and manage the minor child’s inheritance according to the terms of the testamentary trust. The purpose for the inheritance distribution provision is that unless a trust is used and covers this topic, Idaho’s Uniform Transfers to Minors Act allows minor children to receive their entire inheritance at age 21. Imagine what you would do with that amount of money at age 21.
A pour-over will should be prepared as part of your trust package. The purpose of the pour-over will is to gather any assets that were not properly titled in the name of your trust and place them within the ownership and authority of the trust and its provisions. A trust without a pour-over will is not a properly created trust package.
A living will is not really a will. A living will is often confused with a simple will. My belief is that the similarities between the terms “living trust” and “trust” lead people to believe a “living will” and a “will” are the same document with the same purpose. For this reason, I like to refer to them as health care directives. It is a more accurate representation of the purpose of the living will, which is controlling when you are no longer able to make health care decisions for yourself because death is imminent or you are permanently unconscious. You make the end of life decisions, not someone else.
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